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制作镜面反射脚本

作者:福州市名人视觉形象设计职业培训学校 来源:www.mrssjy.com 发布时间:2017-09-12 15:38:57
制作镜面反射脚本 这里面我转一个镜面反射,再阐述一些遇到的问题,先建立以个Shader,站群系统,名字可以叫做MirrorReflection,脚本如下:

[javascript]

Shader "FX/Mirror Reflection"

{Properties

{_MainTex("Base(RGB)",2D)="white"{}

_ReflectionTex("Reflection",2D)="white"{TexGen ObjectLinear}

}

// two texture cards: full thing

Subshader

{Pass

{SetTexture[_MainTex]{combine texture}

SetTexture[_ReflectionTex]{matrix [_ProjMatrix] combine texture*previous}

}

}

// fallback: just main texture

Subshader

{Pass

{SetTexture [_MainTex]{combine texture}

}

}

}

在建立一个cs脚本,名字叫做MirrorReflection,脚本如下:

[csharp]

using UnityEngine;

using System.Collections;

//实际上 This is in fact just the Water script from Pro Standard Assets,

// just with refraction stuff removed.

[ExecuteInEditMode]// Make mirror live-update even when not in play mode

public class MirrorReflection:MonoBehaviour

{public bool m_DisablePixelLights=true;

public int m_TextureSize=256;

public float m_ClipPlaneOffset=0.07f;

public LayerMask m_ReflectLayers=-1;

private Hashtable m_ReflectionCameras=new Hashtable(); // Camera ->Camera table

private RenderTexture m_ReflectionTexture=null;

private int m_OldReflectionTextureSize=0;

private static bool s_InsideRendering=false;

// This is called when it's known that the object will be rendered by some

// camera. We render reflections and do other updates here.

// Because the script executes in edit mode,reflections for the scene view

// camera will just work!

public void OnWillRenderObject()

{if(!enabled || !renderer || !renderer.sharedMaterial || !renderer.enabled )return;

Camera cam=Camera.current;

if(!cam )return;

// Safeguard from recursive reflections.

if(s_InsideRendering )return;

s_InsideRendering=true;

Camera reflectionCamera;

CreateMirrorObjects(cam,out reflectionCamera );

// find out the reflection plane:position and normal in world space

Vector3 pos=transform.position;

Vector3 normal=transform.up;

// Optionally disable pixel lights for reflection

int oldPixelLightCount=QualitySettings.pixelLightCount;

if(m_DisablePixelLights )QualitySettings.pixelLightCount=0;

UpdateCameraModes(cam,reflectionCamera );

// Render reflection

// Reflect camera around reflection plane

float d=-Vector3.Dot(normal,pos)-m_ClipPlaneOffset;

Vector4 reflectionPlane=new Vector4(normal.x,normal.y,normal.z,d);

Matrix4x4 reflection=Matrix4x4.zero;

CalculateReflectionMatrix(ref reflection,reflectionPlane);

Vector3 oldpos=cam.transform.position;

Vector3 newpos=reflection.MultiplyPoint(oldpos );

reflectionCamera.worldToCameraMatrix=cam.worldToCameraMatrix * reflection;

// Setup oblique projection matrix so that near plane is our reflection

// plane. This way we clip everything below/above it for free.

Vector4 clipPlane=CameraSpacePlane(reflectionCamera,pos,normal,1.0f );

Matrix4x4 projection=cam.projectionMatrix;

CalculateObliqueMatrix(ref projection,clipPlane);

reflectionCamera.projectionMatrix=projection;

reflectionCamera.cullingMask=~(1<<4)& m_ReflectLayers.value; // never render water layer

reflectionCamera.targetTexture=m_ReflectionTexture;

GL.SetRevertBackfacing(true);

reflectionCamera.transform.position=newpos;

Vector3 euler=cam.transform.eulerAngles;

reflectionCamera.transform.eulerAngles=new Vector3(0,euler.y,euler.z);

reflectionCamera.Render();

reflectionCamera.transform.position=oldpos;

GL.SetRevertBackfacing(false);

Material[]materials=renderer.sharedMaterials;

foreach(Material mat in materials ){

if(mat.HasProperty("_ReflectionTex"))

mat.SetTexture("_ReflectionTex",m_ReflectionTexture );

}

// Set matrix on the shader that transforms UVs from object space into screen

// space. We want to just project reflection texture on screen.

Matrix4x4 scaleOffset=Matrix4x4.TRS(

new Vector3(0.5f,0.5f,0.5f),Quaternion.identity,new Vector3(0.5f,0.5f,0.5f));

Vector3 scale=transform.lossyScale;

Matrix4x4 mtx=transform.localToWorldMatrix * Matrix4x4.Scale(new Vector3(1.0f/scale.x,1.0f/scale.y,1.0f/scale.z));

mtx=scaleOffset * cam.projectionMatrix * cam.worldToCameraMatrix * mtx;

foreach(Material mat in materials ){

mat.SetMatrix("_ProjMatrix",mtx );

}

// Restore pixel light count

if(m_DisablePixelLights )

QualitySettings.pixelLightCount=oldPixelLightCount;

s_InsideRendering=false;

}

// Cleanup all the objects we possibly have created

void OnDisable()

{

if(m_ReflectionTexture ){

DestroyImmediate(m_ReflectionTexture );

m_ReflectionTexture=null;

}

foreach(DictionaryEntry kvp in m_ReflectionCameras )

DestroyImmediate(((Camera)kvp.Value).gameObject );

m_ReflectionCameras.Clear();

}

private void UpdateCameraModes(Camera src,Camera dest )

{

if(dest==null )

return;

// set camera to clear the same way as current camera

dest.clearFlags=src.clearFlags;

dest.backgroundColor=src.backgroundColor;

if(src.clearFlags==CameraClearFlags.Skybox )

{

Skybox sky=src.GetComponent(typeof(Skybox))as Skybox;

Skybox mysky=dest.GetComponent(typeof(Skybox))as Skybox;

if(!sky || !sky.material )

{

mysky.enabled=false;

}

else

{

mysky.enabled=true;

mysky.material=sky.material;

}

}

// update other values to match current camera.

// even if we are supplying custom camera&projection matrices,

// some of values are used elsewhere(e.g. skybox uses far plane)

dest.farClipPlane=src.farClipPlane;

dest.nearClipPlane=src.nearClipPlane;

dest.orthographic=src.orthographic;

dest.fieldOfView=src.fieldOfView;

dest.aspect=src.aspect;

dest.orthographicSize=src.orthographicSize;

}

// On-demand create any objects we need

private void CreateMirrorObjects(Camera currentCamera,out Camera reflectionCamera )

{

reflectionCamera=null;

// Reflection render texture

if(!m_ReflectionTexture || m_OldReflectionTextureSize !=m_TextureSize )

{

if(m_ReflectionTexture )

DestroyImmediate(m_ReflectionTexture );

m_ReflectionTexture=new RenderTexture(m_TextureSize,m_TextureSize,16 );

m_ReflectionTexture.name="__MirrorReflection" + GetInstanceID();

m_ReflectionTexture.isPowerOfTwo=true;

m_ReflectionTexture.hideFlags=HideFlags.DontSave;

m_OldReflectionTextureSize=m_TextureSize;

}

// Camera for reflection

reflectionCamera=m_ReflectionCameras[currentCamera]as Camera;

if(!reflectionCamera )// catch both not-in-dictionary and in-dictionary-but-deleted-GO

{

GameObject go=new GameObject("Mirror Refl Camera id" + GetInstanceID()+ " for " + currentCamera.GetInstanceID(),typeof(Camera),typeof(Skybox));

reflectionCamera=go.camera;

reflectionCamera.enabled=false;

reflectionCamera.transform.position=transform.position;

reflectionCamera.transform.rotation=transform.rotation;

reflectionCamera.gameObject.AddComponent("FlareLayer");

go.hideFlags=HideFlags.HideAndDontSave;

m_ReflectionCameras[currentCamera]=reflectionCamera;

}

}

// Extended sign:returns -1,0 or 1 based on sign of a

private static float sgn(float a)

{if(a>0.0f)return 1.0f;

if(a<0.0f)return -1.0f;

return 0.0f;

}

// Given position/normal of the plane,calculates plane in camera space.

private Vector4 CameraSpacePlane(Camera cam,Vector3 pos,Vector3 normal,float sideSign)

{

Vector3 offsetPos=pos + normal * m_ClipPlaneOffset;

Matrix4x4 m=cam.worldToCameraMatrix;

Vector3 cpos=m.MultiplyPoint(offsetPos );

Vector3 cnormal=m.MultiplyVector(normal ).normalized * sideSign;

return new Vector4(cnormal.x,cnormal.y,cnormal.z,-Vector3.Dot(cpos,cnormal));

}

//调整给定的射影矩阵以便最近的平面Adjusts the given projection matrix so that near plane is the given clipPlane

// clipPlane is given in camera space. See article in Game Programming Gems 5.

private static void CalculateObliqueMatrix(ref Matrix4x4 projection,Vector4 clipPlane)

{Vector4 q=projection.inverse * new Vector4(sgn(clipPlane.x),sgn(clipPlane.y),1.0f,1.0f);

Vector4 c=clipPlane *(2.0F /(Vector4.Dot(clipPlane,q)));

// third row=clip plane -fourth row

projection[2]=c.x -projection[3];

projection[6]=c.y -projection[7];

projection[10]=c.z -projection[11];

projection[14]=c.w -projection[15];

}

//围绕给定的平面计算折射矩阵

private static void CalculateReflectionMatrix(ref Matrix4x4 reflectionMat,Vector4 plane)

{reflectionMat.m00=(1F -2F*plane[0]*plane[0]);

reflectionMat.m01=(-2F*plane[0]*plane[1]);

reflectionMat.m02=(-2F*plane[0]*plane[2]);

reflectionMat.m03=(-2F*plane[3]*plane[0]);

reflectionMat.m10=(-2F*plane[1]*plane[0]);

reflectionMat.m11=(1F -2F*plane[1]*plane[1]);

reflectionMat.m12=(-2F*plane[1]*plane[2]);

reflectionMat.m13=(-2F*plane[3]*plane[1]);

reflectionMat.m20=(-2F*plane[2]*plane[0]);

reflectionMat.m21=(-2F*plane[2]*plane[1]);

reflectionMat.m22=(1F -2F*plane[2]*plane[2]);

reflectionMat.m23=(-2F*plane[3]*plane[2]);

reflectionMat.m30=0F;

reflectionMat.m31=0F;

reflectionMat.m32=0F;

reflectionMat.m33=1F;

}

}

值得注意的是,地面,可视化专题,或者镜面尽量用U3d里面自建的plane,把shader和cs脚本直接赋予到该plane上就出效果了。其他物体不必赋予。

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